*** This is a sample of random text *** A  spectre  is  haunting  Europe—the  spectre  of  Commun­ism.  All  the  Powers  of old  Europe  have entered  into  a holy alliance  to  exorcise  this  spectre:  Pope  and Czar,  Metternich and Guizot, French Radicals and German police spies.

Where  is  the  party  in  opposition  that  has  not  been decried as Communistic by its opponents in power?  Where is the  Opposition  that  has  not  hurled  back  the  branding reproach  of Communism,  against  the  more  advanced opposi­tion parties, as well as against its reactionary adversaries? Two things result from this fact: I. Communism  is  already acknowledged by all European Powers to be itself a Power. II. It is high  time  that  Communists  should openly, in the face of the whole  world, publish their views, their aims, their tendencies,  and meet this nursery tale of the Spectre of Com­munism with a Manifesto of the party itself.To  this  end,  Communists  of  various  nationalities  have assembled in  London,  and  sketched  the following Manifesto, to  be  published  in  the  English,  French,  German,  Italian, Flemish and Danish languages.